Know your Doughnut…

The Doughnut (aka doughnut economics) is a visual framework for sustainable development combining the concept of planetary boundaries with the complementary concept of social boundaries, in which the needs of people are met without overshooting Earth’s ecological ceiling. The centre hole of the model depicts the proportion of people that lack access to life’s essentials (healthcare, education, equity, etc.) while the crust represents the ecological ceilings (planetary boundaries) that life depends on and must not be overshot. The main goal is to re-frame economic problems and set new goals. In this model, an economy is considered prosperous when all 12 social foundations are met without overshooting any of the nine ecological ceilings. This situation is represented by the area between the two rings, considered by its creator as the safe and just space for humanity. The diagram was developed by Oxford economist Kate Raworth in the Oxfam paper ‘A Safe and Just Space for Humanity’ and elaborated upon in her book ‘Doughnut Economics: Seven Ways to Think Like a 21st Century Economist.’